A higher risk of type-2 diabetes is associated with air pollution.
You may be unaware of the potential health risks associated with air pollution. Indeed, for example, have you ever heard that Type-2 diabetes may be brought on by air pollution? I suppose that not many people were aware of or anticipated this news. Both self-diagnosing and assuming can be harmful to your health, so give up on both. This essay was written to assist you in understanding the specifics of this hot topic from Skylab Clinical Laboratories Trivandrum.
“Air pollution has great power! Do not underestimate it!”
Studies have shown a variety of harmful effects on human health, and an increase in type 2 diabetes is one growing cause for concern. Although research on the connection between type 2 diabetes and air pollution is ongoing, a growing body of evidence indicates that prolonged exposure to contaminated air may play a role in the development of this chronic metabolic illness.
PM2.5 particles have the ability to enter the circulation and negatively impact the body when people breathe them in. They may cause systemic inflammation, which is one way in which they aid type 2 diabetes. PM2.5 particles have the ability to cause inflammation in the body, which can result in insulin resistance and poor glucose metabolism—two major characteristics of type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes-2 Causes and Contributions
Oxidative stress can result from air pollution’s interference with the respiratory system’s regular operation. When the body’s antioxidant defences and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are out of balance, oxidative stress results. Type 2 diabetes can arise as a result of oxidative stress since it can lead to inflammation, disrupt insulin signalling pathways, and encourage metabolic dysfunction.
Moreover, elevated environmental concentrations of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have been connected to air pollution. EDCs are chemicals that have the ability to disrupt the body’s hormonal balance, affecting glucose and insulin metabolism, among other things. By upsetting glucose homeostasis and encouraging insulin resistance, exposure to these chemicals through contaminated air can accelerate the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Adds On Extra Pounds
Furthermore, research has shown that air pollution may make obesity a greater risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Reduced physical activity has been linked to polluted air because people may stay indoors to reduce their exposure. A sedentary lifestyle coupled with the damaging effects of air pollution on metabolism can result in weight gain and a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
Apart from PM2.5, there is also evidence linking air pollutants, including ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2), to a higher risk of type 2 diabetes. Pollutants react with sunlight to generate ozone, whereas vehicles and industrial processes are the main sources of nitrogen dioxide emissions. It has been demonstrated that these contaminants negatively impact glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity.
Moreover, chronic exposure to air pollution has been connected to the emergence of additional type 2 diabetes risk factors, such as cardiovascular disease and hypertension. Type 2 diabetes frequently coexists with these disorders, which can make its effects worse. The pathophysiological mechanisms that air pollution and these diseases share, such as oxidative stress and inflammation, probably play a role in their relationship.
It’s crucial to remember that disadvantaged groups, including the elderly, kids, and those with underlying medical issues, can be more susceptible to the negative effects of air pollution on glucose metabolism. Moreover, chronic exposure puts people who live in highly polluted, densely populated urban regions at higher risk.
Additionally, people can take precautions to shield themselves from the damaging effects of air pollution. Minimizing exposure can be achieved by exercising indoors or in well-ventilated spaces, utilising air purifiers indoors, and avoiding exposure to polluted regions during peak hours. The risk of type 2 diabetes can also be decreased by encouraging an active and healthy lifestyle that includes frequent exercise, a balanced diet, and appropriate weight control. A diabetes test is essential for both early diagnosis and efficient treatment of the condition.