Types of Blood Tests That Everyone Should Consider
Blood tests are critical diagnostic tools in healthcare that are used to assess a person’s health and diagnose diseases and abnormalities. Various blood tests evaluate various parts of the body. These diagnostic marvels, which range from a complete blood count (CBC) to a lipid profile, reveal vital health clues from a sample of your blood.
Understanding the significance of these tests allows doctors to make more informed decisions and enhance patient outcomes. Let’s first define a blood test and then look at the several sorts of blood tests that your doctor might order.
What exactly is a blood test?
Blood tests are medical investigations that are performed during routine checkups or to make a diagnosis based on your indications and symptoms. They include routine blood tests that look at cells, platelets, electrolytes, proteins, hormones, and minerals in the blood.
While blood tests help healthcare providers diagnose health problems, it’s important to remember that abnormal results do not always indicate a significant medical condition. They are useful instruments for further study, but they rarely yield a conclusive diagnosis on their own.
Blood tests provide a plethora of information about your health, making them a regularly used medical tool. These tests, including CBC and metabolic panels, aid in the diagnosis of health issues, ensuring early detection of the ailment, developing targeted therapies, and enhancing risk management.
The Top Ten Important Blood Tests
The following are the ten most common and significant types of blood tests:
The CBC test is an important blood test that offers comprehensive information about your general health. It helps in the diagnosis, monitoring, and screening of infectious and non-infectious diseases. The CBC tests red and white blood cells, platelets, haemoglobin, haematocrit (the number of red blood cells in your blood), and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) to estimate blood’s oxygen-carrying capacity, infection-fighting powers, and clotting potential. Your results are usually available within a few days.
Basic metabolic panel (BMP) examination
The BMP test analyses eight chemicals in the blood, providing critical information about your body’s chemical balance and metabolism. It assesses the following parameters:
Glucose (the primary source of energy)
Calcium (necessary for neuron, muscle, and heart function) Electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride, and carbon dioxide) that govern fluid and acid-base balance in the body
It also looks at BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and creatinine levels as indications of renal function. Significant differences in the values of these indicators can signal serious health problems.
CMP stands for Comprehensive Metabolic Panel.
The CMP is a commonly used and extremely informative blood test that includes all of the BMP components. There are also tests like albumin, alanine transaminase (ALT), ammonia levels, and bilirubin that check how well the kidneys and liver are working, look for liver disease and bone diseases, and check enzyme levels for liver health.
The lipid panel
A lipid panel test is one of several standard blood tests used to check the levels of cholesterol and other lipids in your blood. By assessing total cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol, HDL (good) cholesterol, and triglycerides, this crucial panel of tests can help estimate the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Thyroid function tests evaluate thyroid function and contribute to the diagnosis of thyroid disorders such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Imaging studies and blood tests are examples of these examinations. TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone), T3, T4 levels, and thyroid antibodies are all measured in blood tests to detect thyroid problems. TSH is frequently one of the first tests requested by doctors.
A cardiac biomarker test measures the levels of particular enzymes in the blood. Elevated cardiac biomarker levels may suggest heart problems, such as a predisposition to a heart attack.
These tests are critical in the diagnosis and monitoring of heart problems. The following cardiac biomarkers were discovered:
CPK (also known as CK) and myoglobin (MB) are enzymes that evaluate cardiac injury.
Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) indicates an issue with heart blood flow.
Peptides are markers of stress and inflammation.
C-reactive protein (CRP), homocysteine, and soluble CD40 ligand all indicate an increased risk of cardiac inflammation and atherosclerosis.
Tests for sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
Sexually transmitted disease (STI) tests are used to detect infections caused by sexually transmitted illnesses. These tests help in receiving appropriate treatment and can help avoid illness transmission. Blood tests are widely used to diagnose STIs such as syphilis, HIV, and, in rare cases, herpes.
Coagulation factors are blood proteins that are required for the development of clots in order to stop bleeding after an injury. Coagulation factor tests are blood tests that evaluate coagulation factors to see if there is an excess, deficit, or dysfunction of a certain clotting factor, or if a clotting factor is absent entirely.
DHEAS (dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate) test
The DHEAS test measures the levels of DHEAS, a steroid hormone that both sexes’ adrenal glands produce, in your blood. DHEAS levels peak throughout puberty and gradually decline with age. If you have signs of an adrenal disease or a tumour, your doctor may order this test to assess the function of your adrenal glands.
C-reactive protein (CRP) analysis
The liver produces CRP, a protein that is typically present in small amounts in the blood; however, when there is inflammation in the body, the liver produces more CRP. The CRP test is a popular blood test used to measure the level of CRP in a blood sample. Elevated CRP levels may suggest a serious inflammatory health issue.
Considering blood test results
Only once the final blood test report is received can a diagnosis be made. The time it takes to receive blood test results varies based on the test and the preferences of your provider. Some results, such as genetic tests, may be available within hours, while others, such as blood tests, may take longer.
It is advisable to speak with your doctor to understand the findings of various types of blood tests. Some healthcare organizations make the results available online; however, your clinician may prefer to discuss them over the phone or in person.
Skylab Clinical Laboratory offers online blood test booking.
A wide range of blood tests is a vital instrument in the field of healthcare, providing invaluable insights into our overall health. These diagnostic miracles are crucial in early disease identification and therapy customization, ultimately guiding us towards a healthier and more satisfying life.