By menhc May 15, 2024 0 Comments

“Combatting the Bite: National Dengue Awareness Day


The bite of an infected Aedes mosquito transmits dengue fever, also known as “break-bone fever.” Recognizing that this infection cannot be transmitted between individuals is critical. Four distinct virus species cause dengue, a tropical illness.

A moderate fever and flu-like symptoms may coexist for several days, contingent upon the specific infection that has caused the individual concern. However, atypical symptoms of dengue fever that progress to potentially catastrophic conditions, such as shock syndrome or hemorrhagic fever, give rise to increased concern.

According to experts, if you are returning from a region where the disease is prevalent, you should consult your doctor promptly and get yourself examined prior to the onset of symptoms. Once restricted to specific seasons, vector-borne diseases now thrive year-round due to climate variability. In such a situation, educating oneself on the appropriate preventative measures and engaging in activities that impede mosquito reproduction is critical. 

Continue reading to learn more about dengue fever’s symptoms, prevention, and treatment. 


Dengue Indicators 


In contrast to other viral infections, the symptoms of dengue fever vary according to its stage. In the initial stages, an infected mosquito bite can cause an individual to develop a high fever within four to seven days, as per infectious diseases.

The following symptoms often accompany dengue fever: joint and muscle pain, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, nausea and vomiting, and red rashes.


Diarrhoea and severe dehydration


An individual may typically experience a fever for three to four days, accompanied by modest symptoms. The rash appears to be the primary indication of dengue in children, although other symptoms may be under control.

Dengue fever can occasionally progress to a life-threatening condition. Unusual symptoms, including bleeding from the nose, gums, or subcutaneously (caused by blood vessel injury), may manifest as dengue haemorrhagic fever. Such situations necessitate urgent hospitalization due to the potentially fatal consequences. 


The Prevention of Dengue 


A pound of cure is worth an ounce of prevention,” the adage goes. No vaccine currently exists to prevent dengue fever. We advise individuals to adopt various preventive measures against diseases transmitted by mosquitoes. These include donning protective clothing that provides:

  • Adequate coverage, such as long pants and full-sleeved shirts.
  • Employing mosquito netting and repellents.
  • Closing windows and doors during the day.
  • Utilizing covered water containers inside the residence.
  • Maintaining a clean and sanitized environment.
  • Refraining from overfilling plant pots with water. 

• Observe for obstructed gutters and inadequate drainage. 

• Remain away from areas containing stagnant water. 


Treating Dengue 


To treat “dengue fever,” the patient must receive precise medical attention. It is not advisable to administer antiviral or antibacterial medications to treat dengue fever without consulting a physician. Because there is no definitive cure for dengue, a qualified physician’s diagnosis and treatment recommendations are contingent on the infection and severity of symptoms. Nevertheless, the following are some effective treatments for moderate symptoms: 


• Medication

A dengue-afflicted individual may require over-the-counter analgesics such as paracetamol or Tylenol to alleviate moderate fever and body aches. Rarely, a delayed diagnosis may result in severe dehydration, necessitating recurrent intravenous infusions to maintain the body’s water balance. 


• Adequate Hydration


Due to significant fluid loss from vomiting and elevated body temperature, individuals afflicted with dengue are susceptible to dehydration. Medical professionals recommend consistent consumption of fluids such as tepid water, juices, and coconut water to maintain adequate hydration levels in the body. Maintaining hygiene is also critical to facilitating a speedier recovery from infection. Similarly, it is crucial to surround dengue patients with clean and sanitary environments. Additionally, it is recommended to use a sponge bath, if not a conventional bath, even when experiencing a fever. You can dilute warm water with liquid disinfectant for use in baths and laundry.


Regarding Dengue Day National in 2021 


The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of India has designated May 16 as National Dengue Day to raise awareness about the disease. Every year, thousands of people contract the disease, especially during and after the monsoon, when the reproduction of Aedes mosquitoes surges exponentially in densely populated areas. This year, when the nation is already contending with the coronavirus, its significance increases. 

Both dengue and COVID-19 have extremely similar initial symptoms: fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and body discomfort. In these challenging times, people need to not only understand the maladies they are facing but also understand the importance of a correct diagnosis from medical professionals and promptly seek appropriate treatment.


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