Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test laboratory in Trivandrum home collection laboratory in Akkulam
antigen Feb 06
By menhc 0 Comments

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test

What precisely is a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test?

A PSA test is a blood test utilized to measure the concentration of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in a given blood sample. The prostate gland generates a protein called PSA. The prostate is one organ within the male reproductive system. Located near the bladder. It produces the fluid component of sperm.

A modest PSA concentration in the blood is normal. A high PSA reading may be the consequence of:

  • Neoplasms of the prostate
  • A benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, represents a prostate enlargement
  • Additional common prostate complications
  • By employing particular medications
  • A PSA test is incapable of identifying the cause of elevated PSA levels. Therefore, additional testing may be required in the case of a high level.

To what end is it employed?

The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level is measured. Cancer screening is the process of searching for indicators of cancer before they become symptoms. However, screening techniques cannot find cancer. Further diagnostic procedures may be necessary to ascertain the presence of cancer and the severity of the condition, should a screening test detect any indications of the illness.


The majority of prostate cancers progress at a relatively sluggish rate. They have the potential to remain asymptomatic and do not metastasize beyond the prostate. Prostate cancer has the potential to manifest unexpectedly and remain undetected for an extended period of time. Screening for prostate cancer attempts to detect tumours that have the potential to metastasize rapidly, allowing for timely intervention. However, there are potential risks and disadvantages associated with prostate cancer screening with PSA tests:


An elevated PSA level cannot be differentiated between prostate cancer and noncancerous conditions using a PSA test. A prostate biopsy is the only method to determine whether cancer is the cause of an elevated PSA level. Biopsies of the prostate may also be detrimental.
Because of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, cancer of the prostate that would never have affected your health could be detected and treated. Differentiating between disease types characterized by sluggish growth and those with a higher propensity for metastasis can pose a significant challenge when prostate cancer is diagnosed.

Therapy for prostate cancer may be administered unnecessarily. Furthermore, cancer treatment may result in significant adverse consequences, including:

  • Insufficiency of urination; complications with bowel control
  • Regarding the following, consult your healthcare provider to determine whether a prostate cancer screening PSA test is appropriate for you:

Your likelihood of developing a malignant form of prostate cancer. There may be more benefits than drawbacks to early cancer detection if your risk is elevated.

Your holistic state of being. Are you in sufficient health to undergo prostate cancer treatment? Should the discovery be made?

Your decisions. What are your thoughts concerning the prospective benefits and drawbacks of screening, diagnosis, and treatment?

In addition, PSA testing may be implemented to:

Assist in the identification of the cause of prostate issues that do not involve malignancy.
Observe any prostate conditions, including cancer, that are undergoing treatment.

Should I have a PSA test performed?

You are responsible for determining whether or not to undergo a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test for cancer detection. You and your provider may discuss the likelihood that you will develop a potentially fatal malignancy that has the potential to metastasize if treatment is not promptly administered. There are numerous risk factors that could significantly increase your likelihood of developing prostate cancer:

Years of age. The risk of developing prostate cancer increases significantly after reaching the age of fifty.
The medical background of one’s lineage. The presence of prostate cancer in one’s family members may elevate one’s risk.
The nature of your ethnicity. African Americans have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. Additionally, they have an increased risk of developing more severe diseases, such as prostate cancer, earlier in life.
Moreover, a PSA test may be necessary if:

  • You demonstrate symptoms of a prostate condition, such as frequent or painful urination.
  • Redness in the sperm or urine
  • Pelvic and/or back discomfort
  • Cancer of the prostate is the condition you have. Your physician may conduct PSA testing to assess the efficacy of your treatment or to monitor your health.

What occurs throughout a PSA test?

A medical practitioner will extract blood from a vein in your arm using a minuscule catheter. A negligible quantity of blood will be withdrawn into a test tube or receptacle subsequent to the needle insertion. A slight sting may be experienced as the needle enters or departs the body. This typically requires less than five minutes.


Should I do anything in particular to prepare for the examination?

It is strictly forbidden to engage in sexual activity or masturbation the day prior to your PSA test. This is due to the potential for increased PSA levels caused by sperm release, which could distort the results. In addition, certain medications may alter the results of your test; therefore, provide your clinician with a complete list of all medications you are taking.


Does passing the examination entail any potential hazards?

There are virtually no risks associated with blood tests. A bruise or pain may occur at the site of the needle injection; however, the majority of adverse effects subside rapidly.


What is the meaning of the result?

There is no clearly defined normal or aberrant level of PSA in the blood. In general, an elevated PSA level enhances the likelihood of developing cancer. Nevertheless, it is possible to exhibit elevated PSA levels in the absence of prostate cancer or reduced PSA levels in conjunction with the disease.


If you have undergone a PSA test as part of a prostate cancer screening protocol or experience symptoms associated with your prostate,


Increased prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels could potentially signify the existence of prostate cancer or an ailment other than cancer, such as prostatitis or an enlarged prostate. Your physician may advise you to undergo additional testing in order to ascertain the cause of your elevated PSA levels. Potential examination components may include the following:

PSA testing is typically performed in the absence of symptoms. Due to the fact that PSA levels fluctuate, it is advantageous to monitor any changes that occur over time.
a digital rectal exam (DRE). Your doctor will lubricate and glove your finger prior to palpating your prostate for any abnormalities or masses that may be present during this examination.
an analysis of the urinary system. A sample of your urine is analysed for infections.
an examination by biopsy of the prostate. Biopsy procedures involve minimal surgery. A doctor obtains a sample of your prostate tissue for microscopic examination with the goal of identifying cervical malignant cells. Biopsies are the only reliable method for diagnosing malignancy. Consult your physician if he or she suspects that you may be suffering from prostate cancer.

Consult your physician regarding the significance of a high PSA level if you are undergoing a PSA test for the purpose of monitoring prostate cancer or therapy. Over some time, your physician will ordinarily evaluate the results of numerous tests in order to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of your ailment.


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